For at least 80% of people who suffer from multiple sclerosis, bladder control is one of the most frustrating symptoms. For many patients it often means that they cannot control their bladders and experience periods of leaking and the need to urinate urgently. For others it can mean exactly the opposite where their ability to urinate is hampered significantly.
Researchers have found that the blocking of nerve signals to the muscles that control the bladder in a multiple sclerosis patient is the most likely cause of this problem. The lesions that occur on the spinal cord are what cause the signals to be either blocked or slowed down. This affects one of two muscles; either the bladder muscles, which result in the inability to hold urine in, or the sphincter muscles, which spasm causing them to contract and not allow the urine to flow out.
Both of the problems associated with the bladder and multiple sclerosis can result in far more serious complications if left untreated. However for incontinence the most obvious problem is more mental than it is physical, the frequent need to go to the bathroom can become embarrassing and lead to the need for adult incontinence underwear. It can also lead to problems with bed wetting or the need to get up several times during the night known as Nocturia.
On the other hand if you have problems emptying your bladder with multiple sclerosis, the problems are more likely to be medical in nature. If you cannot urinate regularly or do not empty your bladder you risk the possibility of a urinary tract infection. It can also result in damage to your kidneys or the formation of kidney stones which can not only be painful but can cause damage to your kidneys.
Correcting these problems should start with a visit to your doctor who may offer a range of solutions to help you deal with them. For those who have incontinence issues dietary changes are usually among the first recommendations including reducing the consumption of caffeine and…