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These women of color have made major impacts for both women and civil rights.
USA TODAY

When Bill O’Reilly insulted Rep. Maxine Water’s hair and White House press secretary Sean Spicer told reporter April Ryan to “stop shaking your head,” the comments by the two white men hit a nerve.

Black women — who often face a one-two punch of racism and sexism in their daily lives — immediately took to social media using the hashtag #BlackWomenAtWork to air out their grievances, including those about other women.

The struggle isn’t new. Decades ago, activist and writer Alice Walker coined a word that spoke to black women’s special dilemma in the struggle for equality. She used the term “womanist.”

A womanist, as Walker defined,  is “a black feminist or feminist of color … a woman who loves other women, sexually and/or nonsexually … committed to survival and wholeness of entire people, male and female.”

For many black women, the mainstream feminist movement hasn’t been — and still isn’t — enough.

“The things that black women need to push for are quite different than what we think of as the mainstream feminist movement,” said Sheri Parks, a professor of American studies at the University of Maryland and author of Fierce Angels: The Strong Black Woman in American Life and Culture. 

Black women are more likely to experience violence, more likely to be paid less for their work and more likely to see fewer people who look like…