Adolph Kiefer, a Gold Medal Backstroker in the 1936 Olympics, Dies at 98

And Kiefer continued to improve, reaching his peak about a decade later, when he was in his 20s. In an NPR program about Kiefer in 2008, the sportswriter Frank DeFord said that if the war had not interrupted his career, “he’d be to the backstroke what Pablo Casals was to the cello.”

Tall and good-looking, Kiefer was courted by Hollywood and drew comparisons to matinee idols. “He is a Van Johnson in pastel drawers, the greatest backstroke swimmer who ever lived,” the sports columnist Red Smith wrote.

Kiefer went into business instead, and thrived.

Sonny Boy Kiefer, as he was widely known, broke his first world record at the age of 15, and for 15 years he held every world backstroke mark. He was the first man to swim the 100-yard backstroke in less than one minute, according to the International Swimming Hall of Fame, which inducted him in 1965.


Kiefer at a meet in 1937. From 1934 through 1943 he won more than 200 consecutive backstroke races, and he broke 23 records in all, including every national and world backstroke record.

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He also set world records in the individual medley, and from 1935 through 1945, when he retired from swimming, he won 58 national championships in backstroke, individual medley and freestyle. From 1934 through 1943, he won more than 200 consecutive backstroke races.

He broke 23 records in all, including every national and world backstroke record, according to Team USA.

Kiefer was 15 when he met the captain of the University of Michigan swimming team, Tex Robertson, who agreed to coach him. For the next three years Kiefer hitchhiked from his home in Chicago to Ann Arbor to train with Robertson.

During practice at the Michigan pool in 1936, Kiefer bettered the American record for the 100-yard…

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