To help control acne, keep your skin clean. Avoid skin products that clog pores. Look for products that say “non-comedogenic” on the label. Wash your skin once or twice daily with a mild soap or acne wash. Try not to rub or pick at your pimples. They can get worse and may cause scarring.
If you have a few pimples to treat, you can get an acne cream without a prescription. Look for one having benzoyl peroxide or salicylic acid. This method works best when used in accordance with the application instructions on the packaging.
It can take time to get acne under control. But if you have not had good results with non-prescription products after trying it for 3 months, see your doctor! A prescription gel or skin lotion may be all you need!
In severe cases, oral drugs such as erythromycin, tetracycline or doxycycline are recommended on a long term basis. These medications reduce oil production and inflammation. However, the side effect is nausea and sometimes allergy in some patients.
A powerful medication that is most recommended by dermatologists for severe acne is ROACCUTANE capsule. Accutane (aka Isotretinoin), or Roaccutane as also known in some parts of the world, was discovered in 1979 when first administered to patients with severe acne conditions. Most of them reacted with dramatic and permanent clearing of acne symptoms. It is a vitamin A derivative which is administered orally in pill form, usually for 15-20 weeks. Accutane was originally prescribed for people with severe acne conditions that have not responded to other treatments, but has gained popularity in the last 25 years and now also prescribed more often in people with less severe acne problems. This practice is controversial because Accutane is a serious medication and causes side effects which can be devastating as they are widespread. Accutane should not be combined with other medications.
Exactly how Accutane works on a cellular level is unknown, but it is known that it affects all of the four ways that acne forms.
It drastically reduces the size of the skin’s oil glands (35% -58%) and even more dramatically reduces the amount of oil these glands produce (about 80%).
Acne bacteria (P. acnes) live in skin oil. Since oil is so drastically reduced, so is the amount of acne bacteria on the skin.
It also slows down how fast the skin produces skin cells into the pore, thus helping to clog the pores in the first place.
It has anti-inflammatory properties. Although acne may worsen during the first month of use of Accutane for about 30% of patients, the results are often very dramatic. Accutane works to achieve partial or complete removal of acne in about 95% of people who complete a cycle, regardless of whether they have inflammatory or non-inflammatory acne. Most people who take it see their acne effectively cured, experiencing long-term remission of acne symptoms. Studies show a relapse rate averaging about 33%, and in these cases sometimes a second course is given. This relapse…